Anchoveta, Cetengraulis mysticetus
The Anchoveta, Cetengraulis mysticetus, whose common Spanish name is Anchovetta Bocona and known locally as Sardina, is a member of the Anchovy or Engraulidae Family, known collectively as “anchoas” and/or “sardinas” in Mexico.
The Anchoveta is a herring-like fish with an elongated strongly compressed deep body with a bluish back that is silvery below. The head has a sharply pointed snout and a short top jaw and the mouth extends well beyond the eye. They have no canine teeth. They have one dorsal fin that originates at mid-body, the pectoral fins are long and reach the pelvic fins which are found on the belly, and the anal fin base is long with its origin under the last third of the dorsal fin.
The Anchoveta are found in large schools over muddy inshore areas at depths up to 100 feet and reach a maximum length of 22 cm (8.6 inches). They feed on planktonic organisms. They can be confused with the Bigscale Anchovy, Anchovia macrolepidota (pale caudal fin and the dorsal fin has a black margin). Anchoveta are found in all Mexican waters of the Pacific.
This species is exceedingly rare in the greater Los Cabos area.